The baby sculpture painting abstraction. Painters were the first to get rid of imitation and traditional concepts and preconceived form. Cubism and Futurism, as well as the works of painters devoted to Picasso and Matisse sculpture and modern sculpture led to a growing freedom from object.
Constructivism, emerged in Russia found their teachers and theorists there, Naum Gabo and his brother Antoine Pevsner. Later, in Paris, would join the group "Abstraction-Creation". Using copper, Plexiglas, glass, brass wire or plastic, disclaim angular planes and replace them with curved surfaces, open forms that develop in an area identified by the dimension of time.
The concepts of mass, volume, weight, stability, are abolished in favor of transparent textures, emptied and curved planes, retracted that break or stop light. In attempting to express, with severe logic, the steady rhythm of the universe, both brothers have done much nonfigurative sculpture. It can also be seen as "constructivist" (in the broad sense of the term), Spanish Chillida. Should be added to the Hungarian Nicholas Schoffer, inventor of the "espaciodinamismo" in Paris, animated synthesis of sculpture, painting and movement as well as the Swiss Tinguely supplementing how movement speed.Such excess reaction determined neorealist freedom in Europe and the Pop-Art in America.
Apparently, more lacking than nonfigurative sculpture was monumental. The revolution of the postwar architectural emulation wake of architects and sculptors. The Ronchamp chapel built in France by Le Corbusier is an architectural scale sculpture..