The stone cross

Vigo: The stone cross

The cruceiro, ethnographic element representative of Galician culture and art, is full of legends and myths that still survive today.

Morphology cruceiro

The construction is made in stone cruceiro and is formed by a basic parts: 1) steps or tiers-bottom, 2) base which supports the column, 3) or column shaft, sometimes with sections and bases or pedestals, 4 ) The capital with classic decorations and 5) the cross where it can often be a representation of the Crucifixion, the Pieta,.

Situation cruceiros

The stone crosses are often located generally in the precincts of the church and at the crossroads, the latter being the most common. Can also be found inside the cemetery and some in a way.

Why are they built?

The reasons for its construction are diverse but predominates because of devotion. They are also built cruceiros by offering or to pray for the soul of who built it. In some inscriptions consevan cruceiros is aimed at building motive. The cruceiro indicator also serves as a special place of worship or a sacred space with a special energy. Also serves as protection cruceiro passer in a crossroads.

Traditions and legends about cruceiros

In some cruceiros usual use as traditional stop in processions or funerals.Also survives ordeal and use as the tradition of placing flowers or candles. Other traditions are not very strong, as is the use of healing diseases or the "evil eye." Legends say that the "Santa Compoña" goes to the crossroads where there cruceiros.

Morphology iconographic

The crucifixion cruceiros normally carry and back can lead figure dela Piedad, the Dolorosa or the Coronation. In the crosses predominantly smooth versus those with the symbols of the Passion.