Roman age

Vigo: Roman age

It's a little before the change was when the Romans begin to significantly influence the Castro culture, changing some of its most entrenched traditions, such as architecture. This process of acculturation will be the final end to this culture of forts, from people living in the forts to move to the valley to settle and found cities or vicus, is also at this time when the first Roman villas and factories salting in Vigo coastline, although they assume greater splendor several centuries later.

This romanization begins to glimpse in the excavations in some forts, in which the presence of Roman material completely overshadows the castreños, saved many Roman material from the Vigo region as well as other areas of the peninsula.

We can see various types of materials such as fine ceramics, from Lancia (León), Castro de Vigo, Entenza (Salceda of Caselas) Sobreira Roman villa, Comesaña, Toralla Island, Head Francs (Tui), Barbantes (Ourense ), Iria Flavia (A Coruña), etc; common ceramics, ie amphorae, kitchen ceramics, dolios, etc, which have been found in Pedornes (Oia), Head of Franks, San Cihrán of The (Ourense), Toralla island, Castro de Vigo, Comesaña, Fozara and chair (Ponteareas).Roman building materials, such as tegulae, ímbrices, brick tiles and three very interesting to have recorded any signs of the zodiac and were found in Teis, also retain small fragments of the paintings of Santa Eulalia de Dome (Lugo), draws attention the bust of Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius, which is unique in that the head and torso is Roman is a reproduction Renaissance; finally come of our coastline remains underwater, as are the two jars full Panxón (Nigrán) or amphorae Bouzas and Cabo do Mar.

We can also see different types of amphorae, located in different parts of the peninsula, bringing to our area it nonexistent products: wine, oil and 'garum' (fish sauce). Inside this room also can see a large column based on proportions found in the Beiramar, which is probably linked to a public building. Highlights one of these amphorae found in the port of Vigo.

However all this is eclipsed by the spectacular discovery in 1953 of the large group of Roman tombstones. In them we see the Roman provincial art, decorations present in the same, (interesting is representing Dionysos and Ampelos). We also see through the registration aspects of demography, as the average lifespan and infant mortality, population movements. in this respect there are three stelae belonging to people coming from Clunia (province of Burgos) and we see our major focus city population and quite dynamic, attracting people from the plateau towards her. We also have a collection of Roman from the Castro sake of Donón in Cangas and another altar dedicated to Mercury located in Panxón (Nigrán).


In Vigo can find remains of Roman villas, such as Villa Toralla, Mirambell's farm, where they have found remains of exquisite glass, mosaic fragments, thermal system and fine ceramics. New excavations have been conducted during the summer of 2002 and presented here a photo essay on these excavations.

html "class =" titnoticia "> Excavations in the Calle Marques de Valladares
Excavations in the Calle Marques de Valladares

It has recently been found in a solar street Marques de Valladares archaeological remains of great historical value. Walls were discovered late Roman (s. III-V AD), remains of a salting factory (III-IV century AD), a stone oven and a water mine probably medieval and late Roman two graves.