Vigo: Architecture

In the reign of Philip IV, in 1656, the walls were built to protect the city Vigo looting. At that time they also built the stronghold of A Laxe and the castle of San Sebastian, next to the chapel of the same name. Also from this period are the manors of Quñones Pastora and Leon.

The wall, which had no moat, came to the Castle of San Sebastian through the current Puerta del Sol, where he was the former Neptune fountain (which today retain his statue in the gardens of Quiñones de León). The wall came down the street to A Laxe Carral, bordering the sea to where O Berbés to start Real Street. From there rose to the Castillo de San Sebastián.

The wall would stand 204 years until it was demolished in 1869 by municipal order to allow the growth of a city that looked to the future with great growth prospects. From this time begins a time of splendor for architecture Vigo. Timidly begin to appear early eclectic architectural manifestations evolve until reaching a full eclectic in the early twentieth century. Will follow other architectural movements such as historicism, modernism and rationalism.

We highlight of this time by its beauty: The Modern building (1897) of M. Pacewicz in Policarpo Sanz 1 full eclectic style, theater Garcia Barbon (1913) by Antonio Palacios, Policarpo Sanz 13 academic eclectic style, the building Bonin (1910) Jenaro de la Fuente, in Areal style 40-42 eclectic building full and Banco Pastor (1923) M. On Román Gómez Policarpo Sanz / Columbus, academic eclectic style.

If anything characterizes the architecture Vigo is the quality of Galician granite highlight detail by experts in stone quarry on the facades of buildings nobles. From the eclectic style buildings granite stonework at its height and delicacy, to use with granite brutalist expression as seen in the monastery of the Visitation of the Royal Salesians, regionalist style, built by the famous architect Antonio Palacios.

Rationalism mark the beginning of modern architecture a bit paralyzed by the postwar era to be reborn again in the 60s in the hands of a few architects until our days with architects like Cesar Portela, Enric Miralles, Alfonso Penela or Esteve Bonell .

html "class =" titnoticia "> INITIAL eclectic architecture (1860-1880)
INITIAL eclectic architecture (1860-1880)

In this period, between 1860 and 1880, are the first manifestations of eclecticism in the city in the middle of a major expansion and urban growth.

The eclecticism seeks to break this rigid academic schedule, allowing creativity and freedom of composition. Allow reuse of all styles, separately or in combination. So there will be different based influences: classical, medieval, Renaissance, Baroque, etc.. They prefer the Gothic or Romanesque to the religious buildings and classicism to official buildings or banking.

FULL eclectic architecture (1880-1910)
FULL eclectic architecture (1880-1910)

In this period, between 1880-1910, the rich bourgeoisie Vigo is suing eclectic language sumptuous buildings, which will be known by the name of its owner, even many of them carrying the owner's initials inscribed on granite crowning elements of the facades as a symbol of prestige.

Eclecticism showing Sesmero Alexander and Domingo Rodriguez, is becoming more complex and elaborate work of these technicians, greatly increasing the variety of ornamental components and interpretive freedom.

Neomedieval historicist architecture (1890-1920)
Neomedieval historicist architecture (1890-1920)

During the mid-nineteenth century primeira, neoclassicism do with the solution, the romantic sentimento favorable in Europe, mainly in France, England and Germany, the presence of a historicist thinking that leads to the emergence of a neo-medieval architecture in the Gothic plays prototypical style paper.

In Vigo find examples of historicist architecture neomedieval so late during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Modernist architecture (1890-1920)
html "> Modernist architecture (1890-1920)

Modernist architecture emerged in Europe in the last decade of the nineteenth century, diluted to top da Primeira World War. In Vigo coexists with the eclectic modernist style between 1890 and 1920.

Modernism decoraticas presents new solutions, finding in nature their main source of inspiration. The facades of the buildings are filled with sinuous and undulating fauna.Predominan components flora and plant forms and flowers against human or animal forms.

Academic eclectic architecture (1910-1930)
Academic eclectic architecture (1910-1930)

In this period, 1910 to 1930, Europe is moving towards a new architecture: the Modern Movement. In Spain the situation is different and favors the presence of classical scholarship renewed. At the end of this period the academic architecture coexist with the first incursions rationalists.

From the 20s a new eclecticism appears sober and with a renewed academic classicism and prone to monumentality. Next in classic vertical symmetries and allowing for greater heights.

Regional architecture (1920-1940)
Regional architecture (1920-1940)

The regional architecture comes at a time (1920-1940) in reaffirming the Galician feel. This architecture proposes a search for identity by a return to tradition in times where modern movements make their entry through rationalist architecture.

The regional architecture is felt, especially in residential housing. It tries to recover the architecture with own address as opposed to new flows coming from abroad.

Rationalist architecture (1930-1950)
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In the early twentieth century initiated worldwide cultural movements that will result in a fundamental alteration in the art of building. The great changes that occur in social development, the urban population growth, new techniques and materials, the crystallization of the postulates hygienists. modify the design, aesthetics and function of architecture. The reinforced concrete, the Otis safety elevator, the use of iron and glass, get that "technically feasible" range limits.

Postwar architecture (1940-70)
Postwar architecture (1940-70)

The postwar period is a cultural change and economic architecture that responds to a paralysis of the modernization process. In the 40s it reuses the academic and historicism, and in all 50 starts a recovery towards more modern styles.

Rationalism is rejected because it was considered a symbol of modernity of the Second Republic and some architects have to go into exile for political reasons.


Since the late 50s and early 60s join the staff of architects Vigo a new batch of young architects who retake the modern movement begun in the 30s with rationalism but off in the post-war period.

In Vigo new architects leave their mark as Jose Bar Boo, Fine Perez, Perez-Lorente, Yanez, Araujo. Introduce a fresh air in Vigo with new forms and combining nontraditional materials, making rational use of stone as used in previous decades.