The Pompidou Center is the name most commonly used to refer to the National Center of Art and Culture Georges Pompidou, Paris (France) designed by the then young architects Renzo Piano and Richard Rogers. It was inaugurated on January 31, 1977. It is also a building that houses a library with a capacity of 2,000 people, open to the public. It was completed in 1977.
The center was built during the reign of French President Georges Pompidou, who died before the building was finished. It was his successor, Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, who inaugurated it in 1977. Rehabilitated between 1997 and December 1999, reopened its doors on January 1, 2000.'s One of the most visited monuments in France, with about six million visitors annually.
The Pompidou Centre was designed by the then young architects Renzo Piano and Richard Rogers. The building is of a style that was very innovative in the 70 square industrialist structure, and functional elements, pipes, ladders, etc., Visible from the outside. Water pipes, air or electricity were painted in bold colors and extracted from the main part of the building, to leave an open interior. Although a controversy erupted when it was finished, people today have become accustomed to his peculiar appearance and is very popular.It is one of the first buildings in the High-tech architecture.
The Pompidou Centre is one of the first buildings in the High-tech power. Is significantly influenced by the architecture of Mies van der Rohe and the Archigram group. As for the influence of the German architect, is seen in the building of his own rationalism Modern Architecture in the sense that the property is treated as an empty container in which you can get anything. The interior of the Pompidou is completely clear and understood by Johnson as a mobile indoor container. Large lights are saved for a total of fourteen vierendel massive beams parallel to each other and perpendicular to the facade of the plaza. Archigram group influence is palpable in the novel and complex ways in which the building in terms of the many tubes, bars and structures that invade the facades, using a "technology in jest". Archigram created numerous designs in the 1960s and looks full of fantasy-influenced psychedelic hippies. In their projects abounded tubes, exterior colors and metallic structures.
The building has in each of the floors limited thirteen of fourteen holes vierendel parallel beams. These pieces are of enormous size and are prefabricated, so we had to make a huge logistical operation to bring them to the construction site.The beams are visible on the side walls (the north and south). The different beams are joined together plants with turnbuckles. Pompidou abutments are metallic with round section. There is a fabricated structure in the building known by the name of Gerberette. Horizontal metal pieces are anchored to the pillars on one end as a cantilever. They have a section curve and its function is to hold the metal structures protruding from the west and east facades. Its inventor is Gerberett German engineer, and were designed to expand the area of ??the bridges. Thus, it appears that the whole structure is metallic Pompidou, apparently failing Parisian fire regulations. However, this legislation is respected and that the pillars are cooled by water in the interior of each.
In the west and east facades are "St Andrew's cross", a cross tensors perpendicular to each other, and inclined approximately 45 ° to the ground, placed in each square formed by the horizontal and vertical bars that are outside these walls. These tensors are surprisingly thin and have a lot of security, ie to make the structure were to fail would have to cut enough of these tensors.To top off the "spaghetti bowl" of bars and structures "that are in the facades, which overlooks the square adds structure holding the outside staircase. There are bars and tubes of the facades that have no structural function, and is undertaken only contribute to the visual chaos that makes the understanding of space. Behind this set of rods and tubes are themselves facades. They have a continuous glazing, divided into rectangular modules and orthogonal metalwork.
In the center of the facade of Service (the east side, the opposite of the square) is a tower with three exterior elevators, and the front of the square (the west side) there is an outside stairway that crosses the building from left to right (as seen from the square), which is within a transparent tube and is divided by sections. Is this facade is the only media, namely that it is set large posters for commercial purposes. The Pompidou had three underground floors used as car parks, but after the restoration of 1997 to have two. The Pompidou has a total of seven plants located on the ground level. The plan is rectangular, with the longer sides corresponding to the facade of the place and the service.On the top floor there is a famous fusion food restaurant. It has a courtyard located in the upper right corner (as you face the building from the square). This terrace is accessed by external staircase to the front of the plaza. Inside the restaurant there are pieces "Gehriescas" deconstructivist clearly influenced unrelated to the style of the Pompidou. These sculptures were designed by a couple of architects and placed in the 1997 reform.
The facilities and building structures have a number of colors which serve the visitor code to know the function of each element. The red-painted pieces meet the communication function (elevators and escalators), blue is the air conditioning, the green water facilities (plumbing, drains, ...), yellow is electricity, and white shots and extractions air. The outside of the front steps of the square has its sloping floors painted red. The stairs, which are mechanical, are covered by a transparent circular section tube. They are divided into several shots, and between each section there is a flat area that communicates with a plant. Inside the tube there are many technological elements to hinder spatial perception.
On the east side there are many service pipes, each color corresponding to its function.The large amount of structural rods and tubes create "five layers of technology." Although the layout of the pipes of this facade bears no apparent order, we can see that the blue tubes are matched, however striking the existence of horizontal elements protruding from the facade facing the vertical. On the south side there are arcades that protect from rain to passersby.
Although all tubes and bars no longer see the facades of the Pompidou, the interior is quite bright because it is continuous glazing. For the interior ceilings and pipes pass all elements in the facades, with all these elements into view. Thus, within the building will get the same image of chaos and tangle of technological elements outside itself. Renzo Piano placed on each artwork a little visually ceiling to protect the network of pipes in the ceiling and prevent distracted gaze to contemplate the work exhibited.
More information: www.wikipedia.org.